Quranic Geography

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Independent Scholars Press #ad - The book also examines the geographical references in the Qur'an cross-referencing them with historical locations. This book contains many references, as well as some useful appendices including a 32 page time line of Islamic history from 550 AD - 1095 AD, and a 20 page annotated selected bibliography of early Islamic sources in chronological order from 724 AD - 1100 AD plus a list of many early Qur'anic manuscripts.

This book covers historical records of the four known times when peoples of the Arabian peninsula united and burst out of the Arabian deserts to conquer other nations topics such as: The People of 'Ad, Midianites, People of Thamud, etc. Gibson examines archaeological, historical and literary evidence that support this theory and addresses many questions and objections that readers may have.

Quranic Geography #ad - He theorizes that during an islamic civil war one hundred years after Muhammad, the Ka'ba was destroyed and the Black Rock was moved to its present location. Fully referenced with many illustrations and photos. The surprise comes when Gibson examines the Holy City of Islam, known as Mecca. Here gibson finds evidence that the original Holy City was in northern Arabia in the city of Petra.

. It has library binding, and is a must for every academic library or scholar of Middle Eastern History.

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Early Islamic Qiblas: A survey of mosques built between 1AH/622 C.E. and 263 AH/876 C.E.

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Independent Scholar's Press #ad - Complete with hundreds of images, maps and footnotes, charts, this volume clearly challenges traditionally held Islamic history. New archeological evidence clearly demonstrates that early Islamic mosques were not erroneously oriented as previously thought. Using modern technology and satellite imaging, Canadian historian Dan Gibson has discovered that early Islamic mosques were oriented to four different places.

Viewers of this film can now check the background data for themselves and investigate further arguments that were not included in the film. Using this data, gibson demonstrates that Muhammad and the first four caliphs all prayed towards a different place! This location was also the focus of their pilgrimage.

Early Islamic Qiblas: A survey of mosques built between 1AH/622 C.E. and 263 AH/876 C.E. #ad - Gibson believes that muslims are disobeying their prophet by focusing their prayers on a Black Stone in Saudi Arabia, when the Quran commands them to face the original location. This book contains all of the data behind the documentary film The Sacred City. And they are not where Islam expects them to be.

For the first time in history Dan Gibson has undertaken a comprehensive survey of Islamic mosques from the first two centuries of Islam.

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The Nabataeans: Builders Of Petra

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Xlibris, Corp. #ad - Who were the people who carved this city into the red rose, sandstone mountains of Arabia? Why did they hide their city in a cleft in the rock? Why did they come here and why did they leave this spectacular site? Today archeologists and historians are piecing together the answers to these puzzling questions.

Every year thousands of tourists visit the spectacular city of Petra, the ancient capital of the Nabataean Empire. To learn more, visit http://nabataea. Net. Discover the fascinating story and mystery that surrounds this ancient people: The Nabataeans. And as the pieces slowly fall together, a picture is emerging of a fascinating people who traveled from China to Rome, building an empire of incredible wealth and opulence.

The Nabataeans: Builders Of Petra #ad - Hundreds of magnificent tombs looked down on a city complete with colonnaded streets, temples, coliseums, baths, gardens and pools. Here massive monuments have been carved out of the ancient Jordanian mountains.

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In the Shadow of the Sword: The Birth of Islam and the Rise of the Global Arab Empire

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Anchor #ad - A thrillingly panoramic and incredibly timely account of the rise of Islam, from the acclaimed author of Rubicon and Persian Fire. With profound bearing on the most consequential events of our time, Holland ties the exciting story of Islam’s ascent to the crises and controversies of the present. The evolution of the arab empire is one of the supreme narratives of ancient history, a story dazzlingly rich in drama, character, and achievement.

In the Shadow of the Sword: The Birth of Islam and the Rise of the Global Arab Empire #ad - In this exciting and sweeping history—the third in his trilogy of books on the ancient world—Holland describes how the Arabs emerged to carve out a stupefyingly vast dominion in a matter of decades, overcoming seemingly insuperable odds to create an imperial civilization aspects of which endure to the present day.

Anchor Books.

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Corrections in Early Qurʾān Manuscripts: Twenty Examples Quran Manuscript Change Studies

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Think and Tell #ad - In a way, one could qualify the approach as one-dimensional, based on the latest interpretation of an ancient scripture. What the author has done in this short book is to distill years of research, making accessible to a general readership significant and interesting examples of scribal corrections in some of the earliest Qur’an manuscripts.

Worth reading. Marijn van putten, university of leiden“brubaker has here given a helpful introduction to the body of his research on corrections in Qur'an manuscripts, which is now serving as a reference to a wider group of scholars studying the contours of the Qur'an's early transmission history. Wallace, executive director, center for the study of New Testament Manuscripts“With great enthusiasm Brubaker introduces the fascinating field of quranic text criticism to a general audience while never losing sight of the academic rigor required for such.

Corrections in Early Qurʾān Manuscripts: Twenty Examples Quran Manuscript Change Studies #ad - In it, he selects a group of corrections from a variety of early Quran manuscripts of this early period. Brubaker is working on several academic books, but has found the subject is also of interest to non-academic readers. A unique and valuable resource. Mark durie, melbourne school of theology“In Qur'anic research, the text has always been regarded as more or less comprehensible with the help of its Muslim exegetes.

One of the few remaining pioneers in this domain is Dan Brubaker, who discovers the minute 'corrections’ on the old parchments, which he investigated in the main collections all over the world. Brubaker.

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The Hidden Origins of Islam: New Research into Its Early History

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Prometheus #ad - Anchor Books. Furthermore, expansive, most of the existing biographical traditions that can be used to substantiate the life of Muhammad date to nearly two centuries after his death, a time when a powerful, and idealized empire had become synonymous with his name and vision - thus resulting in an exaggerated and often artificial characterization of the prophetic figure coupled with many questionable interpretations of the holy book of Islam.

On the basis of datable and localizable artifacts from the seventh and eighth centuries of the Christian era, misconceptions, many of the historical developments, and fallacies of Islam can now be seen in a different light. Despite muhammad's exalted place in islam, even today there is still surpisingly little actually known about this shadowy figure and the origins of the Qur'an because of an astounding lack of verifiable biographical material.

The Hidden Origins of Islam: New Research into Its Early History #ad - Excavated coins that predate islam and the old inscription in the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem utilize symbols used in a documented Syrian Arabic theology - a theology with Christian roots. Interpreting traditional contexts of historical evidence and rereading passages of the Qur'an, the researchers in this thought-provoking volume unveil a surprising - and highly unconventional - picture of the very foundations of Islamic religious history.

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Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam

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Gorgias Pr Llc #ad - Meccan trade and the Rise of Islam is an extremely controversial but effectively argued and extensively documented work. Pointing out that the conventional opinion is based on classical accounts of the trade between south Arabia and the Mediterranean some 600 years earlier than the age of Muhammad, Dr. Stephen humphreys, madison patricia crone reassesses one of the most widely accepted dogmas in contemporary accounts of the beginnings of Islam, University of Wisconsin, the supposition that Mecca was a trading center thriving on the export of aromatic spices to the Mediterranean.

The author presents a radical challenge to a number of standard assertions about the socio-economic milieu in which Islam arose. R. Anchor Books. Used book in Good Condition. Crone argues that the land route described in these records was short-lived and that the Muslim sources make no mention of such goods. Patricia crone is professor of Islamic history at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton.

Meccan Trade and the Rise of Islam #ad - In addition to changing our view of the role of trade, the author reexamines the evidence for the religious status of pre-Islamic Mecca and seeks to elucidate the nature of the sources on which we should reconstruct our picture of the birth of the new religion in Arabia. Her books include medieval islamic political Thought Edinburgh 2004 and Pre-Industrial Societies: Anatomy of the Premodern World second edition, Oxford 2003.

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Rubicon

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Anchor #ad - From cicero, to cleopatra, and augustus, Virgil, Spartacus, and Brutus, here are some of the most legendary figures in history brought thrillingly to life. A vivid historical account of the social world of Rome as it moved from republic to empire. Combining verve and freshness with scrupulous scholarship, Rubicon is not only an engrossing history of this pivotal era but a uniquely resonant portrait of a great civilization in all its extremes of self-sacrifice and rivalry, decadence and catastrophe, intrigue, war, and world-shaking ambition.

Rubicon #ad - Tom holland’s enthralling account tells the story of Caesar’s generation, witness to the twilight of the Republic and its bloody transformation into an empire. Anchor Books. Used book in Good Condition. In 49 B. C. The seven hundred fifth year since the founding of Rome, Julius Caesar crossed a small border river called the Rubicon and plunged Rome into cataclysmic civil war.

Anchor Books.

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Sword and Scimitar: Fourteen Centuries of War between Islam and the West

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Da Capo Press #ad - Anchor Books. Sword and scimitar chronicles the decisive battles that arose from this ages-old islamic jihad, beginning with the first major Islamic attack on Christian territory in 636, followed by renewed Muslim conquests by Turks and Tatars, to the European colonization of the Muslim world in the 1800s, through the Muslim occupation of nearly three-quarters of Christendom, which prompted the Crusades, when Islam largely went on the retreat--until its reemergence in recent times.

Yet today, as the west faces a resurgence of this enduring Islamic jihad, Sword and Scimitar provides the needed historical context to understand the current relationship between the West and the Islamic world--and why the Islamic State is merely the latest chapter of an old history. A sweeping history of the often-violent conflict between islam and the west, when, according to Muslim tradition, shedding a revealing light on current hostilities The West and Islam--the sword and scimitar--have clashed since the mid-seventh century, the Roman emperor rejected Prophet Muhammad's order to abandon Christianity and convert to Islam, unleashing a centuries-long jihad on Christendom.

Sword and Scimitar: Fourteen Centuries of War between Islam and the West #ad - Anchor Books. The majority of these landmark encounters--including the battles of Yarmuk, the sieges at Constantinople and Vienna, Tours, Manzikert, and the crusades in Syria and Spain--are now forgotten or considered inconsequential. Using original sources in arabic and greek, preeminent historian Raymond Ibrahim describes each battle in vivid detail and explains how these wars and the larger historical currents of the age reflect the cultural fault lines between Islam and the West.

. Used book in Good Condition.

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The History of Jihad: From Muhammad to ISIS

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Bombardier Books #ad - The history of jihad: from muhammad to isis is the first one-volume history of jihad in the English language, and the first book to tell the whole truth about Islam’s bloody history in an age when Islamic jihadis are more assertive in Western countries than they have been for centuries. The comprehensive history of the role of war and terror in the spread of Islam.

It is taken for granted, even among many washington policymakers, that Islam is a fundamentally peaceful religion and that Islamic jihad terrorism is something relatively new, a product of the economic and political ferment of the twentieth century. This book is indispensable to understanding the geopolitical situation of the twenty-first century, and ultimately to formulating strategies to reform Islam and defeat radical terror.

The History of Jihad: From Muhammad to ISIS #ad - . Told in great part in the words of contemporary chroniclers themselves, both Muslim and non-Muslim, The History of Jihad shows that jihad warfare has been a constant of Islam from its very beginnings, and present-day jihad terrorism proceeds along exactly the same ideological and theological foundations as did the great Islamic warrior states and jihad commanders of the past.

Anchor Books. Anchor Books. Used book in Good Condition. But in the history of jihad: from muhammad to isis, islamic scholar Robert Spencer proves definitively that Islamic terror is as old as Islam itself, the prophet of Islam, as old as Muhammad, who said “I have been made victorious through terror. Spencer briskly traces the 1, detailing the jihad against europe, including the 700-year struggle to conquer Constantinople; the jihad in Spain, 400-year war of Islamic jihadis against the rest of the world, where non-Muslims fought for another 700 years to get the jihadi invaders out of the country; and the jihad against India, where Muslim warriors and conquerors wrought unparalleled and unfathomable devastation in the name of their religion.

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Early Islam: A Critical Reconstruction Based on Contemporary Sources by Karl-Heinz Ohlig 5-Nov-2013 Hardcover

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Prometheus Books (5 Nov. 2013) #ad - Early Islam: A Critical Reconstruction Based on Contemporary Sources by Karl-Heinz Ohlig 5-Nov-2013 Hardcover #ad - Anchor Books. Used book in Good Condition. Anchor Books.

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